Core Readings

Anderson, James. The Education of Blacks in the South, 1860-1935. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1988.

Back, Adina. “Exposing the “whole segregation myth”: The Harlem Nine and New York City’s School Desegregation Battles” in Freedom North: Black Freedom Struggles Outside the South, 1940–1980 edited by Jeanne Theoharis and Komozi Woodard. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003.

Biondi, Martha. “Brooklyn College Belongs to Us,” in The Black Revolution on Campus. Berkeley: The University of California Press, 2014.

Bradley, Stefan. “Gym Crow Must Go!: Black Student Activism at Columbia University, 1967-1968,” The Journal of African American History 88, No. 2 (Spring 2003): 163-181.

Delmont, Matthew. Why Busing Failed: Race, Media, and the National Resistance to School Desegregation. Oakland: University of California Press, 2016.

Du Bois, W.E.B. “Founding the Public School,” in Black Reconstruction. New York: Free Press, 1998.

Educating Harlem: A Century of Schooling in a Black Community, edited by Ansley Erickson and Ernest Morrell. New York: Columbia University Press, 2019.

Farmer, Ashley. ““All the Progress to Be Made Will Be Made by Maladjusted Negroes”: Mae Mallory, Black Women’s Activism, and the Making of the Black Radical Tradition.” Journal of Social History (2018).

Galamison, Milton Arthur and Clarence Taylor. Knocking at Our Own Door: Milton A. Galamison and the Struggle to Integrate New York City Schools. New York: Columbia University Press, 1997.

Johnson, Lauri. “A Generation of African American Women Activists: African American Female Educators in Harlem, 1930-1950” The Journal of African American History 89, No. 3 (Summer 2004): 223-240.

Lee, Sonia Song-ha. Building a Latino Civil Rights Movement: Puerto Ricans, African Americans, and the Pursuit of Racial Justice in New York City. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 2016.

Makalini, Minkah “Black Women’s Intellectual Labor and the Social Spaces of Black Radical Thought in Harlem,” in Race Capital? edited by Andrew M. Fearnley and Daniel Matlin (New York: Columbia University Press, 2018).

McGruder, Kevin. Race and Real Estate in Harlem, 1890-1915. New York: Columbia University Press, 2017.

Payne, Charles. “Give Light and People Will Find a Way: Ella Baker and Teaching as Politics,” in Teach Freedom: Education for Liberation in the African-American Tradition edited by Charles M. Payne and Carol Sills Strickland. New York: Teachers College Press, 2008.

Rickford, Russell. “Integration, Black Nationalism, and Radical Democratic Transformation in African-American Philosophies of Education,” in The New Black History: Revisiting the Second Reconstruction edited by Elizabeth Hinton and Manning Marable. New York: Palgrave MacMillan, 2011.

Williams, Heather. Self-Taught: African American Education in Slavery and Freedom. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2004.

Valdés, Vanessa K. Diasporic Blackness: The Life and Times of Arturo Alfonso Schomburg. Albany: SUNY Press, 2017.

Supplemental Readings

Back, Adina. “Parent Power: Evelina Lopez Antonetty, the United Bronx Parents, and the War on Poverty” in The War on Poverty: a New Grassroots History, 1964-1980 edited by Annelise Orleck and Lisa Gayle Hazirjian. Athens: The University of Georgia Press.

Biondi, Martha. To Stand and Fight : The Struggle for Civil Rights in Postwar New York City. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2003.

Boyd, Herb. The Harlem Reader. New York: Broadway Books, 2003.

Farmer, Ashley. Remaking Black Power: How Black Women Transformed an Era. Chapel Hill: the University of North Carolina Press, 2017.

Fernandez, Johanna. “The Young Lords and the Social and Structural Roots of Late Sixties Urban Radicalism,” Diálogo 11, No. 1 (Winter 2008): 26-33.

Griffin, Farah Jasmine. Harlem Nocturne: Women Artists & Progressive Politics during World War II. New York: Basic Civitas, 2013.

Jeffries, Hasan Kwame. Understanding and Teaching the Civil Rights Movement. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2019.

King, Shannon. Whose Harlem Is This, Anyway? Community Politics and Grassroots Activism during the New Negro Era. New York: New York University Press, 2015.

Markowitz, Gerald E. and David Rosner. Children, Race, and Power: Kenneth and Mamie Clark’s Northside Center. New York: Routledge, 2000.

McCluskey, Audrey Thomas. “We Specialize in the Wholly Impossible: Black Women School Founders and their Missions,” Signs 22, no. 2 (Winter, 1997): 403-426.

Meier, Deborah. The Power of Their Ideas: Lessons for America from a Small School in Harlem. Boston: Beacon Press, 2002.

Murch, Donna. Living for the City: Migration, Education, and the Rise of the Black Panther Party in Education. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2010.

Nelson, Alondra. Body and Soul: The Black Panther Party and the Fight Against Medical Discrimination. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2013.

Osofsky, Gilbert. “Harlem Tragedy: An Emerging Slum,” in Harlem: The Making of a Ghetto: Negro New York, 1890-1930. Chicago: Ivan R. Dee, 1996.

Purnell, Brian and Jeanne Theoharis. The Strange Career of the Jim Crow North. New York: New York University Press, 2019.

Ransby, Barbara. Ella Baker and the Black Freedom Movement: A Radical Democratic Vision. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2003.

Rickford, Russell. We Are an African People: Independent Education, Black Power, and the Radical Imagination. New York: Oxford University Press, 2016.

Span, Christopher M. “I Must Learn Now or not at All: Social and Cultural Capital in the Educational Initiatives of Formerly Enslaved African Americans in Mississippi 1862-1869,” in Cultural Capital and Black Education: African American Communities and the Funding of Black Schooling, edited by V.P. Franklin. Charlotte: Information Age Publishing, 2002.

Tough, Paul. Whatever it Takes: Geoffrey Canada’s Quest to Change Harlem and America. Boston: Mariner, 2008.

Wilkerson, Isabel. The Warmth of Other Suns. New York: Vintage Press, 2011.